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Emerging Trends of Terrorism

Hydra-Headed And Tech-Savvy

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Author: Vikram Sood

All this has made the task of the counter-terrorist and the Intelligence agencies extremely complicated and at times, seemingly hopeless. In Facebook, for instance, with its more than 1.5 billion members, uploading 350 million photographs with the ‘Like’ button being used six billion times every day. Google processes so much data every day that if converted into books this would reach half way to the moon from earth. This happens EVERY DAY. Is there an Intelligence agency in the world that can access all this data, sift it and then convert the rest into information which is then processed as knowledge and along with other inputs finally get themconverted into actionable Intelligence that is usable against the terrorists?

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Urban Terrorism

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Author: Dr Rupali Jeswal

With radicalisation on the rise and individual terrorism being adopted, attacks can be simpler and “cost-effective”. Small successes can achieve a broader psychological effect; small successes are better than larger failures, also require less planning and resources.

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Old Terror, New Avatar

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Author: Dr Ajai Sahni

Fewer extremists in South Asia will be tempted to act under the Daesh flag. This will not, of course, end the problem of Islamist terrorism. Some other group will crystallise, propped up by the same colluding States. Crucially, Pakistan’s terrorist proxies will remain the principal source of Islamist terrorism in India. These are challenges that India will have to deal with. Far more insidious, moreover, is the tremendous challenge of Islamist radicalisation that has been knowingly neglected by successive regimes in India, including the present.

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Boosting Islamic State’s Political Economy

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Author: Balasubramaniyan Viswanathan

These high volumes, low value transactions raised through crowd funding are a real challenge to the counter-terrorism finance regimes. Till date, counter measures to stop financing of the Islamic State have primarily focused on funds which are raised within controlled territories and against those which have been raised outside and moved into controlled territories. On the other hand, Islamic State’s crowd funding modus operandi using technology platforms and which are deployed outside has not been the object of focus. These funds which are pooled and deployed outside Syria are difficult to identify and intercept. Some of the donors, who may not be even remotely connected to the Islamic State, contribute under the impression that they are giving for a social and humanitarian cause.

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Implications For India

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Author: Dr Rajiv Nayan

India extended its helping hand to the international fight against nuclear terrorism. India has set up a Global Centre for Nuclear Energy Partnership where it gives training for fighting global nuclear terrorism. India is a signatory to both the international treaties concluded to prevent nuclear terrorism. It is also supporting international codes and multilateral initiatives. India realises that the international collaboration on information exchange on the moves of terrorist organisations to acquire lethal tools will be a massive joint gain.

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Duties Of Service Providers

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Author: Pavan Duggal

We need to realise sooner rather than later that cyber terrorism, cyber extremism and cyber radicalisation are three sisters which combined together have the effect of prejudicially impacting not just the internet but also societies and nations at large. In such a scenario, cyber law frameworks need to be developed quickly to enforce the duties of the intermediaries towards ensuring that their networks are not misused or abused by cyber terrorist activities or cyber extremism forces.

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Call For Security Revision

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Author: TK Singh

Not only in Chandel, militancy related violence has increased in Manipur in the last few years. According to South Asia Terrorism Portal, a Delhi based security think tank, a number of fatalities including militants, SFs and civilians increased from 65 in 2011 to 94 in 2016. Militancy in the State has been deeply rooted with support from its neighbouring foreign countries. The State requires a thorough revision of the security milieu by both the State and Central machineries.

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A Farce Called ‘Global War On Terror’

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Author: Dr Harsh V Pant

Differences continue to simmer between the US and its Western European allies on the issue. Compared to the US that spends more than US $ 650 billion on Homeland Security since 9/11, European spending on law enforcement, border security and other related agencies remains underwhelming. The efforts are also marred by an inability to reach a consensus on the best way forward. The result of this disarray is that States like the UK have taken a unilateral approach to manage their own security.

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Threat To South Asia Region

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Author: Joyeeta Bhattacharjee

Considering India’s close geographical, cultural and linguistic proximity to Bangladesh, its problem of militancy will have ramifications for India too. Due to the porous border with Bangladesh, the country has for a long time been utilised by Pakistan based militant organisations to transmit terror in India. Bangladesh is also used by Pakistan as a corridor for smuggling fake Indian currencies. India has to be vigilant and must closely follow the developments in Bangladesh. The securing of its border to prevent any possible attempts at infiltration by these groups is necessary.

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New Security Challenges For The EU

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Author: Ilias Papadopoulos

With the threat to the EU countries’ security, the Union will need to create new institutions as well as modernise its existing ones in order to cope with the threat. The two main sectors that need to be improved are a Intelligence, and b border security.

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Mind Unlimited

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Author: Team DSA

In the words of Ashley Tellis of ‘Carnegie Endowment’, “India being continuously subjected to terror actually suits many ... India is a sponge that absorbs global terror”. We have been facing with the combined China-Pakistan sub-conventional threat for the past several years aside from being in the crosshair of organisations like the AQIS. Technology, including nano-technology is empowering the terrorists even more. A recent innovation of a wall-climbing robot which is half car, half helicopter and can climb vertically easily defying gravity is one example that can be exploited by terrorists. ‘Zombie Guns’ based on psychotropic principle of ‘mind control’ being developed by global powers can be used by the terrorists as well.

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Paradigm Shift In Strategies And Tactics

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Author: Praful Adagale

Madeleine Albright (the former US Secretary of State), has rightly stated that, “In fighting terrorism we should remember not to create more terrorists”. The foremost task before any nation is to prevent radicalisation of youths. Issues of kidnapping and missing people on a large scale in any nation have to be dealt with seriously. Nexus between terrorist and criminals is not a new phenomenon; it is an extremely important source for terrorists to pick youth especially one who has an extremist view and can operate for them locally by providing logistic and financial support. India must not wait for the attacks to take place; it must review its policies of anti-hijacking and police reforms for countering urban terrorism.

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Missile Proliferation To Non-State Actors

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Author: Debalina Ghoshal

There have also been concerns that the Pakistani Nasr missile, which is a 60km range tactical nuclear weapon (TNW) and can be fired from a multi launch rocket system (MLRS), could fall into the hands of non-State actors and TNWs are prone to falling into the hands of non-State actors given their decentralised control system.

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Terrorism's Glare On Bangladesh

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Author: Upendra Kumar

In a nutshell, new upsurge of religion-based terror attacks and the process of religious persecution are the aftermath of Islamisation process of the State and society, which had begun after the assassination of President Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, famously known as Bangabandhu. Since 1990s when the Islamic fundamentalist party entered the political process with the vision of Islamism, the syncretic character of the society has been under threat. The Islamist’s vision has challenged the democratic process of the country and directly disregarded the security of life and property of the minorities and secular moderate Muslims.

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Is China Really A Victim Of Terrorism?

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Author: Sana Hashmi

Though the Western Development Programme brought development to Xinjiang, Uyghurs have not certainly been the main beneficiary of the economic policies. In fact, the Hans have occupied all the high-paid jobs; thereby, compelling Uyghurs to go for low income jobs. This frustration is leading several Uyghurs towards separatism. Providing equal opportunities to the restive Uyghurs and control on ‘Hanisation’ can be of great help in curbing the menace of separatism in Xinjiang.

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