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Defence Procurements Hurdles And Mounting Deficiencies

Caught Between Stand ardisation And Discounts

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Author: Air Marshal Nirdosh V Tyagi (Retd)

First, the evaluation process should be made selection oriented. It should not reject operationally suitable equipment on trivial grounds, because even if bids are invited again, the same vendors with the same equipment would respond but at a higher cost. Second, the constitution of schemes should be kept simple and manageable to increase the chances of success. While recognising the virtues of quantitative discounts and standardisation, it must also be realised that clubbing of schemes has made some of them unmanageable in the past.

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Positive Signals, But A Long Road Ahead

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Author: Maj Gen Dhruv C Katoch SM, VSM (Retd)

A structure in the form of a capability development group (CDG) tasked to carry out risk, cost and schedule assessment and management before the first approval of the government also needs to be put in place in India at the earliest. Finally, structural reforms are required in the Ministry of Defence. The political authority has given a series of nudges to the bureaucracy and now appears to be in control. But without structural reforms at the apex level, a future change of government in the Centre may well see the return of the old guard, with negative consequences to the nation’s Defence preparedness.

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Deficienci es Prod Acquisitions

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Author: CMDE Ranjit B Rai (Retd

Since Independence, India has been plagued with scandals like the Franco-British Jaguar deal, the HDW submarine deal with Germany; the Bofors scandal of 1987 involving the Prime Minister of India, Rajiv Gandhi and Sweden’s highly controversial long serving PM, Olof Palme(1969-76 and 1982-86 respectively) and recently, the AW-101 Westland Finmeccanica 12 helicopters deal. Yet, evidence to nail culprits could not be found by courts. All this contributed to deficiencies.

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Shortfalls - Cause For Worry

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Author: Lt Gen Prakash Katoch PVSM, UYSM, AVSM, SC (Retd)

The issues of IPR and; the number and guarantee of what would be absorbed in India too need to be addressed. Past several years, the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP) of the Ministry of Commerce and Industry has been recommending 74 per cent FDI in Defence in case of transfer of technology (ToT) and 100 per cent FDI in case of making available state-of-the-art technology. Clearly, much more facilitation for ‘Make in India’ is required.

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OFB − The Fourth Pillar Of The Indian Defence

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DSA Interview: Ashwani Kumar Prabhakar , DGOF & Chairman

Ashwani Kumar Prabhakar, IOFS, Director General Ordnance Factories (DGOF) and Chairman, Ordnance Factory Board (OFB). He is a 1978 batch Indian Ordnance Factories Service (IOFS) officer with a degree in Mechanical Engineering and AICWA, he has a profound knowledge and rich experience in issues ranging from vehicle production to finance and corporate. He vividly elaborates on OFB’s strategy in directing the historic ordnance factories to attune towards the emerging requirements of India’s Armed Forces.

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A Process Too Lengthy

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Author: Air Marshal Dhiraj Kukreja PVSM, AVSM, VSM, ADC (Retd)

The new category, IDDM, with its clauses of funding of development cost, issue of a RFP within a stipulated period, reservations for the MSMEs, can be a game-changer, catapulting India into the production markets with state-of-the-art innovations and technology. The private industry, while reacting favourably to whatever is available on the open domain, would obviously adopt a ‘wait and watch’ attitude to see what the fine print is. “The Defence Procurement Procedure (DPP), which will be the roadmap for the government’s flagship ‘Make in India’ programme that is being pushed as the future of Defence acquisitions, is likely to be rolled out by the middle of December”, so said an entry in The Indian Express on 1 December, 2015. The date has come and gone, the New Year is well into the third month and the public has been treated to yet another announcement of the DPP being released during the DefExpo 2016 in Goa, on 28 March, 2016 (only partially released).

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Suicide Bombings: A Genesis

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Author: Diana Mehra

The most ominous and extrusive memory in India, attributed to terrorist brutality would be aligned with the former Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi’s assassination by a suicide bomber Thenmozhi Rajaratnam, aka Dhanu who belonged to the militant organisation Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) from Sri Lanka in 1991. Another tragic and gut wrenching terrorist attack that jolted each and every Indian along with the world was the Mumbai attack in 2008 when ten members of the Islamic militant organisation Lashkar-e-Taiba carried out twelve coordinated shooting and bombing attacks killing 164 people and wounding another 308. In the wake of Islamic terrorism and radicalisation, humanity has been put on a burning cauldron. Post 9/11 attack, the political hysteria has shifted to Islamic terrorism with the American leaders from George W Bush to Donald Trump calling for a ban against Muslims.

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Depleting Numbers And Insufficient Budget

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Author: Air Marshal Anil Chopra PVSM, AVSM, VM, VSM (Retd

Buildup of India’s military strength has not kept pace with the external threat. For modernisation, equipment intensive IAF is the most affected. To avoid inter-theatre shift of forces in a short war, IAF would require around 45-50 combat squadrons and larger transport and helicopter fleets. At the current pace of finalising contracts and indigenous systems development, it may take over 20 years to reach the authorised 42 Squadrons.

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DPP 2016 – Structural and Conceptual Flaws

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Author: Cdr Sunil Chauhan (Retd)

The desired aim of DPP to meet the urgent requirements of the Services will not be met unless there is an alignment between the intentions of the DPP with the structure of execution. Whatever be the final shape and content of the document, ‘on time delivery within cost and to the specifications’, which should have been the one and only focus of the DPP 2016 has once again been staked out.

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Policy Of Calibrated Growth

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Author: Dr Rajiv Nayan and Alisha Anand

Notwithstanding the truncated appearance of the DPP-2016, the leadership in the Ministry of Defence has sincerely sought to meet challenges of defence procurement for speedy and quality delivery of weapons to Armed Forces and strengthening the indigenous defence industrial base. Hopefully, soon, the government will publish the remaining part of the procedures for procurement.

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The Quand ary of Quagmires

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Author: Col KV Kuber (Retd)

If the design is home-grown, then the design would most probably rely on indigenous supply chain and chances of indigenous content are high, whereas, if the design is foreign then chances of having higher indigenous content are low, after all, any foreign design would conform to a foreign supply chain attitude. However, paradoxically, the IDDM category demands just the reverse.

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Hurdles and Mounting Deficienci es in DPP

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Author: Amit Cowshish

The military doctrine of the Indian army requires it to have stocks of ammunition to last 40 days of intense war but, as brought out by the Comptroller and Auditor General in a report last year, the stock of ammunition is down to a perilously low level. This has grave implications for defence and security of the country. Military preparedness is of paramount importance as India faces grave conventional and non-conventional threats from across its borders and sadly, from within.

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Accountability Is The Key

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Author: Colonel Sanjeev Dalal (Retd)

No amount of procedures and policies can make up for lack of decision making and accountability of various officials involved. Merely pushing files to the next stage of the process is no achievement at all. Pushing files and bidding time with no accountability is the bane of the whole system. All agencies, departments and stakeholders involved in the process need to be made responsible and held accountable for delay and failure of the scheme.

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Defence Procurement – PPP Setup

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Author: Radhakrishna Rao

The need of the hour is to exploit the resources and expertise available within the country through the public-private sector partnership (PPP) mode. The PPP approach had yielded rich dividends in building state-of-the-art airports in various parts of the country. Moreover, the strength generated by PPP vehicles can be suitably projected to attract leading aerospace and Defence outfits from across the world for floating joint ventures aimed at meeting the needs of the Indian Defence forces while at the same time helping position India as a vibrant export hub for war fighting equipment.

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Red Tape And In-Built Agent Nests

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Author: Mukund Puranik

Global tenders are published only in English whereas most of the machinery suppliers are from non-English speaking countries. Many suppliers from Germany, Italy, Spain and Czech Republic do face difficulties to understand various terms and conditions, for which they have to take help of the Indian trading companies or local English speaking agents from their countries. The E-Tender software needs to be modified with multi-language options (German, Spanish, Czech, Italian, Korean, Japanese etc)

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Pakistan’s policy of thousand cuts

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Author: Lt Gen Harwant Singh PVSM, AVSM (Retd)

Both the government of Pakistan and its military, places Kashmir at the top of an agenda for a dialogue with India. In the best interests of the two countries, it is best to leave Kashmir issue aside for a decade or so and look at other areas where cooperation and understanding can be reached. It will be of far greater advantage for Pakistan to develop trade and commerce relations with India and possibly integrate the two economies.

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