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The Importance of INDO Pacific Region (Indian Navy: Maritime Muscle)

Exclusive Interview With Mr Nikhil Gandhi Founder, Pipavav Defence

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Mr Nikhil Gandhi is a first generation entrepreneur with over 23 years of rich experience in conceiving and developing mega infrastructure projects under the aegis of SKIL Infrastructure Ltd. The company conceived and developed, when there was no policy and precedent, India’s first private sector modern seaport at Pipavav, Gujarat. He also pioneered the concept of “Special Economic Zones” in the country and was the first promoter of the largest SEZ in India near Navi Mumbai. He most recently led the SKIL Group’s initiative of developing an ultra-modern defence focused dockyard and engineering complex with the second largest dry dock in the world. Pipavav Defence is India’s first private sector company to have secured licence to build frontline warships for the Indian Navy. With India opening up its defence sector, which is a US$ 250 billion plus market over the next 5 years in India Mr Gandhi has the vision to make Pipavav Defence as one of the leading world-class integrated defence companies globally.

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Somali Pirates Retreat Threats In New Areas by Dr Vijay Sakhuja

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Author: Dr Vijay Sakhuja

Although the new piracy areas may not require different models for response, but someone would have to lead the initiative. The US has been quite proactive in capacity building of these states and provides guidance in three focused areas but would it be willing to constitute a task force similar to the TF 151 with a number of partners beyond the regional countries? Similarly, is European Union willing?

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US-2 Cooperation For Peace, Prosperity And Progress by Cmde Sujeet Samaddar

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Author: Cmde Sujeet Samaddar NM (Retd)

Though designed and used by the Japan Maritime Self Defense Force as primarily a Search and Rescue aircraft the US-2s potential for other operations is evident to any maritime agency. These could include conducting a variety of naval roles ranging from benign, diplomatic, constabulary and some military utility operations.

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Coastal Security Post 26/11 Chinks In The Armour Remain by PM Heblikar

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Author: PM Heblikar

The challenges posed by irregular warfare or asymmetrical warfare need to be always borne in mind and responses readied to meet them. Media reports of terrorists attacking Pakistani naval and air force assets in the immediate past may need to be studied in depth. The chances of these elements seizing Pakistani military assets for anti-India actions cannot be ruled out.

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Indo-Pacific Region Maritime Dimensions Of India’s Foreign Policy by Prof Hari Saran

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Author: Prof Hari Saran

India is passing through a phase of rapid economic transformation and is poised to play a significant role at the Indo-Pacific stage in the coming years. These two regions are equally important for India’s future growth, development, security and prosperity. India wants a secure and peaceful Indo-Pacific region.

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The Great Game In The Indian Ocean by Prof Harsh V Pant

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Author: Prof Harsh V Pant

China is consolidating power over the South China Sea and the Indian Ocean with an eye on India – something that comes out clearly in an oft-cited secret memorandum issued by the PLA General Logistic Department director: “We can no longer accept the Indian Ocean as only an ocean of the Indians [...]. We are taking armed conflicts in the region into account.”

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Submarines Critical Role In National Security by Cmde Anil Jai Singh

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Author: Cmde Anil Jai Singh (Retd)

The 21st century is widely spoken of as the Asian century as also the maritime century. Events thus far in the last decade and a half have corroborated this prediction as the oceans continue to dominate the strategic narrative while Asia has emerged as the focus of global attention.

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Matters Maritime Appraising The Role Of India’s Lawmakers by Aditi Chatterjee

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Author: Aditi Chatterjee

The Indian Parliament needs to play a more proactive role in the country’s lawmaking machinery on maritime issues. The Parliamentarians require to expedite the process of passing pending maritime bills, such as The Merchant Shipping Bill, as improvement of the working conditions of seafarers should be the top priority of the higher echelons of the government.

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Monsters At Sea Threat Of Maritime Terrorism by Saloni Salil

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Author: Saloni Salil

To curb terrorism at sea, the measures cannot be similar to those used for fighting piracy as the very nature of terrorism is a wholly different ordeal especially in fighting terrorists on suicide missions cannot be effectively policed using tactics and strategies designed for pirates. Whereas pirates can be deterred by ensuring that they cannot escape following an attack, maritime terrorists must be deterred before an attack even takes place. Therefore, the terrorists need to be hit at their very nerve centr that is not at sea but on land.

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Hindu Kush Invaders’ Gateway To India by Air Marshal Anil Chopra

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Author: Air Marshal Anil Chopra PVSM, AVSM, VM, VSM (Retd)

The best approach for India is to befriend the locals through development and military training aid. Simultaneously India needs to keep ears to the ground and anticipate a terrorism onslaught as ISAF withdraws from the region, lest history repeats itself and Hindu Kush becomes a source of another slaughter for Hindus. It is time the world realises that Hindu Kush has been the epicentre of world terror and other illicit activities and it can’t be left to fundamentalists in Pakistan to rekindle the terror fire.

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Afghanistan Imbroglio Challenges For India by Maj Gen Afsir Karim

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Author: Maj Gen Afsir Karim (Retd)

India’s first and foremost concern will be to ensure that no political dispensation emerges in Afghanistan that is hostile to its interest. However, it is easier said than done as India’s direct overland routes to Afghanistan pass through either Pakistan or PoK and these remain blocked due to Pakistan’s intransigence. To overcome this problem India has taken some important steps; it has built a road from Chabahar Port of Iran to Delaram in Afghanistan for onward linkage across the River Oxus.

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Pakistan: A Nation Adrift by Maj Gen AK Hukku

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Author: Maj Gen AK Hukku YSM (Retd)

Every single move Pakistani leaders have made against India has decidedly succeeded from another aspect. It has kept the army in power in Pakistan. Every time there has been a confrontation with India, Pakistan’s Army has enjoyed public adulation irrespective of the outcome. On the other hand every time politicians in Pakistan have tried to cross sword with the army, the latter has assumed control either directly or indirectly.

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Role Of Pakistan In Afghanistan And Its Desire For Strategic Depth by Dr Shalini Chawla

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Author: Dr Shalini Chawla

The general consensus is that Islamabad has not achieved desired objectives. Pakistan supported the Taliban regime in the 1990s for strategic objectives but did not get the desired results. Pakistani leadership miscalculated that the Taliban regime in Afghanistan would lead to recognition of the Durand Line and also, Pashtun nationalism would be much more under control. But, obviously none of the Pakistani assumptions came true, the Durand Line issue remained and the Pashtun nationalism was in fact further nurtured by the Taliban.

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India's Afghan Strategy by Radhakrishna Rao

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Author: Radhakrishna Rao

For quite some time now, Afghanistan has been requesting India for the supply of arms, ammunition and heavy weapons including armed helicopters in addition to providing training for its armed forces. Chabahar could invest India with the ability to move quickly goods and supplies and if necessary even defence personnel straight to Afghanistan though Iran. Of course, India should nudge Iran to agree to the idea of moving military forces to Afghanistan – under emergency conditions.

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Submarines Critical for Nuclear Deterrence by Cmde Ranjit B Rai

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Author: Cmde Ranjit B Rai (Retd)

Diesel submarines are warships of position whereas nuclear submarines are vehicles of manoeuvre. Diesels are suited for small shallow seas near the coast, but when rapid movements over long distances are required, nuclear propulsion is the desired choice.

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Naval Modernisation Role of Private Players by Rear Admiral Dr S Kulshrestha

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Author: Rear Admiral Dr S Kulshrestha (Retd)

Private sector has been a small but a worthy and necessary partner in modernising Indian Navy. For increased participation of the private industry, there is a requirement of a more broad-based transformation by the government. That is, by improving business practices, streamlining bureaucracy, broadening incentives for the work force, improving quality control and incentivising and facilitating integral research and development.

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