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September 2017

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International Experts' Opinion on world's defence and security

Consensus Is The Victim

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Writer: Dominika Cosic
The threat of Soviet intervention has been the cement in the eastwards expansion process of the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation but an internal contradiction has emerged in the difficulty in creating a consensus between ‘Old Europe’ as represented by France and Germany and the ‘New Europe’ as represented by states that broke away from the Soviet Union.

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Learning Organisations - A Continuous Transformation

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Writer: Dr. Rupali Jeswal
People rise to the challenge when it’s their challenge. Learning Organisations have the levers that drive creation, define purpose, value incubation of ideas, conjure passion, a bridge gaps between potential and possibilities, give abilities, motivation and positive attitude.

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The Rise of an Assertive China: An Australian View

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Writer: Ian Hall
A very candid Australian viewpoint on the rise of China. The most recent Australian Defence White Paper reaffirmed the US alliance and Australia’s commitment to it and called for further, deeper cooperation between like-minded states in the region, including India. But there is no doubt that the emergence of a more assertive China in the aftermath of the Global Financial Crisis has resulted in the intensification of debate in Australia about how to manage relations with it and intense discussion of alternatives to the current policies of ‘congagement’ and hedging. Hugh White, in his book, The China Choice: Why America Should Share Power (Melbourne: Black Inc., 2012) argues that China’s growing military capabilities pose a significant challenge to what he calls American ‘primacy’ in the Asia-Pacific. That primacy, he asserts, rests upon the ‘hub-and-spokes’ alliance system the US created in the aftermath of the Second World War and which is looking like more of a liability than an advantage today and on America’s military might, especially its Pacific Fleet and the sizable forces it has on bases on Okinawa in Japan and in the Republic of Korea.

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Battle Space is Cyber

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Writer: Dr Rupali Jeswal and Damien Martin
The Internet abridges natural gaps, bringing intelligence, information and reasoning and this ability is what permits humans to process information and formulate explanations and further assists us to ascribe meanings to observed phenomena. But what happens when the phenomenon being observed has been manipulated, indoctrinated and is of an insidious nature? Internet World Statistics show as of June 30th 2012 that India has 137,000,000 Internet users, an 11.4 per cent penetration per IAMIA (Internet and Mobile Association of India) and 62,713,680 Facebook subscribers as of December 31st 2012, a 5.2 per cent penetration rate. The pipe bombs allegedly thrown from a car by Dzhokhar and Tamerlan Tsarnaev resembled the design described in “How to Make a Bomb in the Kitchen of Your Mom,” an article in the first issue of the AQAP English-language magazine, Inspire.

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Defence Personnel Worldwide Find Transcendental Meditation to be an Effective Tool in Combating Stress

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Writer: Dr David R Leffler, Gerald Geer, Col SP Bakshi (retd)
Stress is a very major degrade factor on combat performance. Troops of the Army, CPOs and Police deployed in CI / CT operations must cope with high levels of stress. The article presents a solution in terms of TM. The TM technique is the most thoroughly researched and successful meditation practice in the world. Over 350 research studies published in leading, peer-reviewed scientific and medical journals have confirmed that TM practice produces wide-ranging, measurable benefits, including increased intelligence, creativity and mental clarity; reduced stress and improved health; and more fulfilling and harmonious interpersonal relationships. These studies have been conducted at more than 200 independent universities and research institutions in 30 countries. This stress-busting approach has been taught worldwide for the past 44 years and today over 6 million people in 180 countries have learned the practice.

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Critical Infrastructure and the Sandy Hook Tragedy

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As emergency responders and equipment suppliers participate in these debates, I hope they will add their own perspectives about critical infrastructure (a concept most Americans have never heard of) and how to best protect not just property, but human life itself.

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Aerospace Industry: Manufacturing Challenges

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Writer: Dr. Vivek Lall

There are a number of aeronautics organisations like HAL, NAL, DRDO laboratories, engineering colleges etc. in the country. Moreover, the sector is divided into defence and non-defence segments. With the entry of private companies, an institutional arrangement becomes necessary which could harness the knowledge residing in these various entities. Such an institution could map indigenous capabilities, identify knowledge gaps, direct resources efficiently to address critical technology gaps. The offset policy can become a significant contributor and catalyst to the development of the Indian aerospace sector. The successful implementation of offset policies of countries like Brazil and South Korea provides some encouragement of a similar success in India.

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Prison Radicalisation: A Global Problem

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Writer: Patrick Dunleavy

The writer, a former Deputy Inspector General for the New York Correctional System, provides chilling examples of radicalisation of prisoners while serving their prison sentences. He highlights the need to monitor such prisons and also address the sizable prison population who are most susceptible to radicalisation. Those common criminals who if left to themselves will only progress from bad to worse. Whether this is done by de-radicalisation programmes or counter radicalisation programmes is open for debate.

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Mindware: Psychological Strengthening For Tactical Operations

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Writer: Dr Rupali Jeswal
Self-science is becoming aware of and recognising patterns of responses to various situations and is one of the prerequisites to having some control over reactions and increasing self-direction. Constant need should be there to upgrade the training methods to seek the mental edge for performance factor and to mitigate clinical manifestations that are acquired by the professionalswhile working in high-stress-critical domains. With this structure installed we can “think” the brain and override natural “fight or flee” response and utilise stress as a drive through stress structuring and perception reframing.

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Causality: External Forces, Internal Threats

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Writer: Damien Martin
If the past is measured with the same parameters as the present, then nowadays, India is relatively stable in comparison. With a population of 1.24 billion, industry firing on all cylinders, the threat of occupation from invading neighbours is unimaginable. Modern times may not be a Gupta Dynasty “Golden Age”, however it isn’t in the throes of a Hephthalite invasion either. India’s security model is not a simple internal / external dichotomy, instead its a kaleidoscope of possibilities, each element reflected by and obscured from the next. Seven countries interlinked by proximity, history and goals. So how does India gain and maintain trust with its own people and neighbours? Risk taking may be the answer.

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Paramilitary: Positional Uncertainty Redefined

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Writer: Dr Rupali Jeswal and Damien Martin
Is the Maoist movement gaining ground or has part of the insurgency relocated to surrounding states? AP is bordered by other states like Chhattisgarh, Orissa and Maharashtra which all add saturation and hues to the Red Corridor. The Greyhounds have been effective in their campaigns, however without respective forces in other states isn’t the current strategy failing to eradicate or adequately suppress enemy activities? Utilising paramilitary forces is easier said than done. Maoists attempting to decimate Caste systems and positions of governmental power hold little value in the grand scheme to stabilise India and protect the people. Stalin and Mao were not in favour of education, instead opting for the lowest common denominator in their proletarian revolution. Science by its very nature is evidence-based. Marxism, Leninism and Maoism separate or collectively attribute to millions of deaths and crimes against humanity. How successful were these revolutions? Selling false hope in an intangible product is criminal and morally unacceptable. It begs the question, what exactly is the “people’s war”?

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