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Troubled Waters Emerging Dynamics Between International Navies

POSTURE AND POLICY- Inadequate Episodic Responses

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Author: Lt Gen Philip Campose PVSM, AVSM, VSM** (Retd)

It appeared India was considering a combination of political, diplomatic, economic and military measures as part of a strategy to punish Pakistan and make it roll back its terror policy. The decision to launch ‘surgical strikes’ was borne out of that robust approach and appeared to have achieved its aim. However, since then, there is an apparent weakening of India’s approach, providing space to Pakistan to hit back and dilute India’s professed advantage, as is manifest in attacks like the one at Nagrota. To that extent, it would not be wrong to conclude that our overall response to security threats are lethargic, episodic and highly ‘adhoc’, to say the least.

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STRATEGIC RESTRUCTURING- Institutionalised Armed Forces Presence At Strategic High Table

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Author: Lt Gen PR Kumar PVSM, AVSM, VSM (Retd)

This paper has focussed on the vital strategic necessity of having a permanent Armed Forces presence in all spheres of national security during peace, crisis and conflict which is currently adhoc and periodic. The Armed Forces must be involved throughout from perspective and contingency planning, war gaming, budgeting, sourcing, modernisation, management and execution for all security crisis and disaster management situations..

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HOLISTIC Military Reforms- Security Apparatus

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Author: Lt Gen SN Handa (Retd)

The ‘surgical strikes’ of 29 September 2016 are behind us. We must shed all hype over them whether for political mileage or otherwise and look ahead pragmatically to prepare ourselves for even more challenging times. It will be naïve to expect any dramatic shifts in our neighbour’s known behaviour with a mere change in its Army chief. There is a definite need to look ahead into the distant future, identify contingencies and develop suitable response options optimising maximum elements of our national power. A more confident NSA of today must shed past misapprehensions and induct the service chiefs into its midst. Militarily, there is a need to focus on attaining far higher levels of operational preparedness than those obtaining today.

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A New Resolve- Hit Back Harder

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Author: Maj Gen Dhruv C Katoch SM, VSM (Retd)

Pakistan has a strong army of over half a million and that country will continue with its agenda of ‘bleeding India with a thousand cuts’. Unless it feels the cost of waging such a war is leading to diminishing returns and has exorbitant costs. So, a chance for peace is likely when heavy costs are imposed on Pakistan, which the State would find increasingly difficult to bear. Till then, while not venturing into a military misadventure with India, Pakistan will continue to use terrorists and suicide squads to carry out debilitating attacks against India.

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Dealing With Pakistan - India's Policy Options

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Author: Ashok Sajjanhar And Anuradha Sajjanhar

Prime Minister Modi’s government has so far acted with exemplary synergy, flair, aplomb and finesse to internationally isolate Pakistan. India needs to improve and step up its vigilance at the borders to make its security foolproof so that no terrorists are able to slip in from Pakistan and accomplish their nefarious designs. Pressure on the diplomatic front for continued isolation of Pakistan needs to be continued and sustained.

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INTEGRATED APPROACH- Strategy Of Punitive Retaliation

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Author: Brig (Dr) Anil Sharma and Ms Anshu  Paliwal

India considering its security scenario, which is vastly different from the US and Israel, will require distinctly original imperatives vis-à-vis other countries. As a way ahead for effective deterrence by retaliation, it should rely upon the selective intentional aggressive response as a demonstration across the entire spectrum of warfare, unrestricted.

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RULES OF the GAME HAVE CHANGED- Unpredicta bility The Fla vour Of The Times

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Author: Brigadier Gurmeet Kanwal (Retd)

It should be a national priority to reach out to the people of Kashmir and stabilise the situation. If instability in Kashmir continues till the next summer, Pakistan will exploit it to the hilt. The Army should be prepared to confront an Operation Gibraltar-like influx of mujahideen a la 1965, but on a reduced scale..

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Pak Assets In Danger- Neutralising The Terror Camps In West And East

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Author: Col Shailender Arya

Pakistan has shifted many terror training camps from their previous locations to near residential population, thereby inducing caution on Indian Army due to the possibility of collateral damage. A total of 16 to 17 terror camps of the LeT, Jaish-e-Mohammed and the Hizbul Mujahideen were relocated with reports also indicating that some terror camps have even been shifted inside Pakistan Army bases in the PoK. These camps were shifted with the help of Pakistani Army and the ISI.

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THE CIVILIAN DIMENSION- Bleeding At The Borders

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Author: Colonel Utkarsh Singh Rathore (Retd)

Border domination is important to send a strong signal to the opponent. Pakistan would try to provoke the Indian troops as it suits her designs but trans-border firing should be resorted to as a last option. In such stand-off, there are no clear winners especially when both the sides are equally matched. Hence, trans-border attrition is, by itself, not a doctrine. It is a part of border management strategy under prevailing circumstances.

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IS DETERRENCE WORKING? Contours Of The Pakistani Nuclear BlackMail

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Author: Lt Gen (Dr) Vijay Kumar Saxena PVSM, AVSM, VSM (Retd)

The hard reality is that in spite of our resolve for massive retaliation with unacceptable damage, the adversary has hardly been deterred. It has effectively put into place a ‘workable nuclear blackmail’ and is comfortable in his belief that despite using a TNW in the battlefield with local effect, the likely Indian ‘one leap response’ for ‘total annihilation’ is unlikely to get past the political decision dilemma.

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Sea Of Change- Calibrated Strategic Restraint

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Author: Lt Gen BS Pawar PVSM, AVSM (Retd)

While India should continue to exercise strategic restraint, the country is no longer interested in pursuing deterrence by denial. Instead, deterrence by punishment should now be the name of the game. India must raise the cost for Pakistan for waging a proxy war by inflicting punishment on its army and its organs. The measures adopted must be made progressively tougher till the cost becomes prohibitive.

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PUNITIVE RETALIATORY ACTION- Check Infiltration And Scuttle Indus Waters Treaty

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Author: Lt Gen Harwant Singh PVSM, AVSM (Retd)

If Pakistan were to continue with its policy of ‘thousand cuts’ against India, then this country will have to look at some of the other options available to make Pakistan relent from crossborder terrorist attacks. Both the World Bank and Pakistan need to be apprised, in firm language, that terrorism and treaties cannot go hand in hand and they should be put on notice.

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Strategic Pro- Activation: Sub Conventional Counter- Strikes

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Author: Lt Gen VK Chaturvedi PVSM, AVSM, SM (Retd)

Pakistan has so many fault-lines which, if exploited intelligently, will snap their army beyond limits. That is the only panacea since the Pakistani army is the ‘deep State’ within Pakistan and unless this ‘deep State’ is struck, the ground situation is unlikely to change. Fortunately, Pakistan has created a two-front for itself by making enemies with both India and Afghanistan. This is an envelope waiting to be exploited.

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