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Joint Excercises Value of Military Diplomacy

Many Ways Of ‘Power Projection’

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Author: Vice Admiral Pradeep Chauhan AVSM and Bar, VSM, IN (Retd)

Regrettably, India is more often than not, reactive and frequently, its strategic-level game-plays are ‘too-little-too-late’. Numerous opportunities have been lost – many in critical locations such as Djibouti, Mozambique, Sri Lanka, Qatar and Oman – largely due to the ungainliness and discomfiture India seems to demonstrate when required to ‘play’ proactively at the ‘strategic table’.

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Military Diplomacy And National Interests

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Author: Air Chief Marshal Fali Homi Major PVSM, AVSM, SC, VM (Retd)

Let it suffice to say that today’s world is characterised by the changing power equations with new, emerging and re-emerging power centres which constantly need realignments and adjustments. New friends, new opportunities, new adversaries, altered threat perceptions and emerging conflict situations will remain the order of the day in the foreseeable future. In this very complex and ever-changing world, Military Diplomacy if used correctly and coherently can pay very rich dividends.

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Many Dimensions Of Interactions

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Author: Amb Dr Kanwal Sibal

Military diplomacy has many dimensions. It includes defence alliances, military bases, arms exports, arms aid, licensed arms production, co-development and co-production of equipment, joint exercises on land, air and sea, patrolling in the air and sea, maritime cooperation, military training, servicing of equipment and so on. Such links bring countries together strategically. In India’s case, the content of our military diplomacy cannot be as wide-ranging given our relatively limited military capacities.

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A Component Of Military Diplomacy

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Author: Lt Gen Satish Nambiar PVSM, AVSM, VrC (Retd)

It is imperative that the military dimension of Comprehensive National Power be factored into the formulation of our foreign policy objectives. In the immediate region, it would be useful to get off the high pedestal we have placed ourselves on, shed the patronising approach we seem to have mastered over the years and evolve mutually acceptable working relationships with our neighbours.

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Nurture Indo-Pacific ‘Quadrilateral Arrangement

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Author: Arun Prakash Adm, PVSM, VrC, VSM (Retd)

India must, with subtlety and sophistication, remain a pole or rallying point for countering China. To attain its ‘manifest destiny’ India needs help from friends and the US seems willing and able. Disregarding inconsequential quibbles of the Quixotic Left, India must grasp the technological help and cooperative agreements being offered by the US – with as few strings as realpolitik permits.

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Cache Of Goodwill

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Author: Lt Gen Dalip Bhardwaj PVSM, VSM (Retd)

Military Diplomacy includes a variety of activities such as; ternational personnel exchanges for training, visits by ships (showing the flag) and aircraft, joint exercises particularly in specialised operations, bilateral meetings, seminars and staff talks, regional defence forums, confidence and security building measures.

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Indian Armed Forces Have Taken The Plunge

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Author: Air Marshal BK Pandey PVSM AVSM VM (Retd)

While the Indian Armed Forces need to remain fully prepared in terms of the doctrine, military hardware and manpower to cope with the challenges in the future, the nation needs to exploit Military Diplomacy to diffuse tensions in relationships especially with the potential adversaries and their allies or supporters. Military Diplomacy provides opportunities to stabilise relationships and prevent conflict without the need for an aggressive employment of military power. Today, joint exercises have become an important and in fact, an indispensable component of Military Diplomacy.

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Joint Training –– How It Enhances Value Of India’s Military Diplomacy

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Author: Lt Gen Syed Ata Hasnain PVSM, UYSM, AVSM, SM, VSM & BAR (Retd)

Joint military training is virtually limitless in scope. It however, requires extensive preparation and lead time with no leeway given to inadvertent mistakes in the diplomatic or military domain. As the world continues to look for the elusive new world order, initiatives such as joint military training will play their role in building strategic partnerships and providing the glue for a lasting diplomatic relationships.

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Pronounced Shift In Indian Attitude

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Author: Ashok Sajjanhar and Anuradha Sajjanhar

Joint military exercises are being held increasingly between partner countries to enhance and promote inter-operability of the defence forces when called upon to confront and deal with common challenges. They are particularly used to deal with counter-terror, counter-insurgency, counter-narcotics, anti-piracy and natural disasters as and where they occur. Joint military exercises enhance confidence level and cooperative spirit between the defence services as well as the official and political leadership of different countries.

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The Need To Restructure Institutional Framework

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Author: Lt Gen Kamal Davar PVSM, AVSM (Retd)

Foremost, the government must give adequate participation in national strategy and national security issues to the Defence Services. It will be in the larger interest of the nation if in the formulation of national strategy, the requisite synergy between the MEA, MoD and the Armed Forces is achieved. The energetic pursuit of the Military Diplomacy and defence cooperation with nations of interest to India will thence be a natural corollary.

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Sweating In Peace Together

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Author: Brig Rahul K Bhonsle (Retd))

Joint exercises are a major defence cooperation activity that serves a variety of purposes. The Indian Armed Forces have been using the opportunity to expand engagement with the Armed Forces of strategic partners as well as neighbours alike. These exercises have assumed importance due to the nature of military activity and operations over the years requiring inter-operability thereby providing a fillip to joint operational activities such as humanitarian assistance and disaster relief as well as countering the menace of piracy and terrorism.

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Multi-Dimensional Strategic Alliance

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Author: Dr Shalini Chawla

Gwadar has been developed with the Chinese assistance and the primary project has been the construction of deep sea port expanding its maritime role and to allow the trade to and from the land-locked Central Asia. Gwadar offers the geo-economic and geo-strategic pivot to China and Pakistan.

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Beware Of Aggressive and Assertive Realignments

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Author: Lt Gen A S Lamba PVSM, AVSM (Retd)

The traditional contours of joint exercises while focusing on better cooperation and understanding, are witnessing a dangerous trend of an aggressive and assertive realignment on the path of foreign policy projection even amounting to threats or veiled warnings in the context of territorial integrity and sovereignty. For India, these trends needs to be comprehensively understood and addressed, to prevent situations that can escalate or those that the leadership and the forces are not yet prepared for.

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Conjunction Between Military And Diplomacy

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Author: Lt Gen Prakash Katoch PVSM, UYSM, AVSM, SC (Retd)

India must make Military Diplomacy as a part of its foreign policy and create the capacities, structures and processes necessary to put it into action. Special Forces must be integrated in military diplomacy and deployed strategically for shaping the environment in India’s favour. The late Dr K Subrahmanyam consistently argued that India must restructure its Armed Forces along the lines of the US, with a CDS Joint Chiefs of Staff and Tri-Services Theatre Commands that will lend itself to the conduct of efficient Military Diplomacy.

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Acquisition of Fleet Tankers: A Convoluted Deal

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Author: Maj Gen Dr Mrinal Suman AVSM, VSM (Retd)

All capital procurements are carried out on the basis of the Services Qualitative Requirements (SQR). The SQR expresses users’ requirements in terms of functional characteristics in a comprehensive, structured and concrete manner. The performance parameters given in the SQR are classified as ‘Essential Parameters’.

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Are We Being Shortchanged?

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Author: Cecil Victor

For a nation like India that is trying to concentrate its exertions to acquire as soon as possible the weapons that are in short supply in the Armed Forces, the FMS appears to be an answer to its prayer. But it is pertinent to ask how much of the weapons platforms that have been acquired under the FMS, the Poseidon P8i maritime reconnaissance and strike aircraft, the C-17 Globe master heavy lift aircraft and the C-130J Hercules aircraft for the Special Forces, comes within the ambit of the ‘Make in India’ format.

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