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National Security & Securing Smart Cities

Inimical Neighbours

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Pakistan can now be relied upon to continue stoking the disaffection in Kashmir in the confident belief that the Kashmir police and Indian state’s disproportionate response will continue pushing the state closer to a new uprising. India will not relinquish control of Kashmir and, under the Doval doctrine of ‘offensive defence’ will be increasingly tempted to launch conventional military strikes across the LoC or international border.

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Changing Dimensions of Social Security

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World famous Swiss-French architect Le Corbusier had planned the layout of Chandigarh on invitation from Jawaharlal Nehru. The quality of life of its inhabitants was the prime concern for Nehru at that time. It is the same for the ‘smart city’ proponents too. To this end Le Corbusier made self-sufficient neighbourhood units placed along the curvilinear roads with cluster type housing, markets and centrally located open spaces. This ensured that inhabitants did not have to drive long for work, schooling or for shopping. There were no slums, power cuts or water shortage in that city when this writer first visited in 1960. Presently all these urban problems are endemic there because of poor city administration and large influx of outside population. There is almost 100 per cent possibility that the same fate may befall on the new ‘smart cities’ too.

 

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BSF - Role and Challenges

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Raised on 01 December 1965, the Border Security Force is one of the most versatile forces capable of functioning in diverse terrain and climate both in times of war and peace. The world’s largest border guarding force, BSF has been entrusted with the responsibility of guarding almost 2,300 km of the Indo-Pak Border on the west and the entire 4,096 km of the Indo-Bangladesh border on the eastern side. BSF is also tasked and committed to tackle the menace of transborder smuggling of narcotics, contraband and weapons besides checking of infiltration of terrorists and influx of migrants on the border at all times. Further, BSF has also been assigned the task of anti-Naxal operations, maintaining peace and law and order during agitations, elections and pilgrimages like the annual Amarnath Yatra etc.

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Future Cop: Humane – Tech-Savvy – Lethal

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The internal security of the country faces great challenges from terrorists, both domestic as well as transnational. These terrorists are not only interested in perpetuating individual incidents – their objective and target is to destroy India as a whole. That is why they have been targeting institutions and cities which symbolise the strength and diversity of the country.

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CISF: Role and Challenges

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Central Industrial Security Force (CISF) was raised in the year 1969 to protect and safeguard the Public Sector Undertakings. Over a period of time, the CISF has emerged as a specialised force shouldering pivotal responsibility in securing some of the most critical infrastructure of the country in the public/joint/private sector establishments in a befitting manner.

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Naga Insurgency at Crossroads

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The Indian Army should not dilute its counter-insurgency operations and the intelligence set-up in the Northeast. At the same time, a political solution needs to be found to the underlying socio-economic causes, good governance insisted upon, infrastructure development speeded up and the political process with the Naga groups be expedited. The funds earmarked by New Delhi must trickle down to the misty hills. Often they do not leave Delhi or Guwahati. A strong political initiative, supplemented with a renewed push by the Army and the Assam Rifles can neutralise NSCN (K). Army can also get ample intelligence inputs from its rival factions, mainly NSCN (IM), which likes to fancy itself as sole representative of Naga people.

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Each City is Different

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There is a myth among certain decision-makers that similar model of Smart Cities in Western countries can be applied to cities in India too. But the fact is that no two cities are similar and hence innovation plays a big role in developing each Smart City. Besides Indian cities have inadequate infrastructure vis-a-vis population, unplanned colonies, poor general awareness about impact of natural and man-made disasters and inadequate preparedness by first responders.

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Counterfeit Currency and Money Laundering

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Organised criminal groups, adopt the same modus operandi followed by major smuggling syndicates in setting up a rigid hierarchy network to minimise the risks to their criminal enterprise with the result that the prospect of most of the enforcement Agencies in apprehending the top management is minimal. The organised criminal groups involved in currency counterfeiting insulate their leadership from direct involvement in the operations through an intricate organisational structure.

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CRPF: Role and Challenges

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It has become almost clichéd to state that the challenges will last forever for Security Forces – such are the intelligence leads on the internal threats that the country is staring at. But the biggest challenge for the Forces like CRPF is to operate on such half-baked intelligence reports and tackle militancy head on when the system is indecisive about what ends have to be achieved. The intelligence machinery of the Force has to rise to a high tactical level with capability and assets available to the smallest fighting formation.

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Security Challenges of Smart Cities

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As the cities will turn Smart, improving the city services and providing better quality of living, the services are likely to be more vulnerable to attack and disruption and breach of privacy of individual citizens will be a norm rather than exception. The twin challenges of security and privacy pose another massive challenge before the city managers, that is, how to bring the perpetrators to justice when they operate in a complex, borderless cyber space as faceless entities.

 

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Aviation Security: Important Link in National Security Chain

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While theft is bad, the fact that someone did have unauthorised and undetected access to commit these offences or the integrity of someone within the employ of airport or airline is compromised, is a serious matter. The incidents could have been committed as a test case by the enemy agents to assess the vulnerability of aviation security set-up. Such incidents therefore need to be resolved quickly before the enemy could strike in full force.

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ITBP - Role and Challenges

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The ITBP was raised in 1962 in the wake of Chinese aggression. Originally conceptualised as an integrated ‘guerrilla-cum-intelligencecum- fighting Force’ self-contained in supplies, communication and intelligence collection, it evolved with passage of time into a conventional Border Guarding Force capable of performing multifarious assignments.

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Global Best Practices - Smart and Secure Cities

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Governments all over the world are facing increasing budget constraints. At the same time, agglomeration of urban clusters and evolution of urban habitats are irreversible and there is a clear mandate now on public sector leaders to provide Smart City services to ensure that the citizens receive the service at the right place, at the right time and at the right cost.

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Cyber Security of Digital India

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Indian organisations have not paid adequate attention towards cyber security. The widespread absence of even the most routine security tools and policies has left many Indian organisations vulnerable to serious cyber-attacks and the inevitable financial losses that follow ... Although spying has been an accepted part of statecraft for centuries, digital era is termed as the golden age for spying.

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Costal Security in Transitional Stage

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The length, physical conformation and large unpopulated stretches of the Indian coastline make coastal security an extremely challenging task. Addressing the vulnerability of our coastal defences is the need of the hour. The Navy and the Coast Guard are reorienting themselves towards establishing a credible capability.

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NDRF: Role and Challanges

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Some major disasters in India such as Bhopal chemical accident, 1984 (3,800 people died), Latur earthquake 1993 (22,000 people died), Odisha super cyclone, 1999 (7,600 people died), Gujarat earthquake, 2001 (20,000 people died), Tsunami, 2004 (10,700 people died), Mumbai monsoon, 2005 (1,000 people died) and absence of effective mechanism to tackle such disasters led Government of India to think about an effective mechanism/setup to deal with all types of disasters. Besides loss of human lives, properties worth crores of rupees have been destroyed/lost due to the man-made and Natural Disasters in the past. This horrific loss of human beings and material led the Government of India to form Disaster Management Act-2005, on 26th December 2005.

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