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Tuesday September 18, 2018

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A New Dawn for Indian Defence and Security - Expansion, Restructuring, and Modernisation

An Exclusive and Wide-Ranging Interview with Chief of the Air Staff ACM Arup Raha PVSM, AVSM, VM, ADC

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Indian Air Force -  Sentinel of the Skies

Chief of the Air Staff ACM Arup Raha PVSM, AVSM, VM, ADC in an exclusive and wide-ranging interview with DSA expounds his views and shares his vision for the Indian Air Force.

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Navigating Changing Security Landscape - India’s Search For An Effective Strategy

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Author: Shyam Saran
As India’s economy becomes more globalised, the importance of external engagement will increase even more than it is today and our attitude towards the WTO must refl ect this reality. It is true that India’s future will be determined by how successful it is in tackling its numerous and formidable domestic challenges. However, it is equally true that active and expanded engagement with the world will increasingly be an indispensable ingredient of that success.

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Military Space Capability - Options And Strategies

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Author: Air Chief Marshal Fali Homi Major PVSM, AVSM, SC, VM (Retd)

Today, the geopolitical environment has turned in our favour, our strategic footprint has increased, our ‘area of interest’ has increased and most importantly, our regional responsibilities have also increased. We must therefore leverage our national interest, shared interests and common concerns to open the hitherto locked doors to exploit and put in place a robust and credible ‘Military Space Strategy’.

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Indian Industry - Risk Averse or Confused?

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Author: Col KV Kuber (Retd)
While the government is averse to a single vendor situation, the industry is very apprehensive of the single customer situation. To avoid this situation, the Manohar Parrikar leadership is aspiring to put in place a procedure that will create partners, involve the larger industry in defence manufacturing, speed up processes, make available test facilities to the industry, create an enabling mechanism and a facilitating mechanism for the industry to interface with the government, all of which are essential for growth.

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Modernisation of IAF: The Way Forward

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Author: Air Marshal Anil Chopra PVSM, AVSM, VM, VSM (Retd)
The overdue phasing out of squadrons and to make good the shortfall of nine squadrons would require very large amounts. On an average, a midsized fighter aircraft costs US$ 60 million. To acquire even just 15 squadrons over next 10 years, US$ 18 billion will be required just for new aircraft. Weapons and ground infrastructure will add up to much more. Union budget 2015-16 had US$ 40 billion earmarked for defence. Ninety per cent of the US$ 19 billion earmarked for new acquisitions this year would be required for committed liabilities of payments for earlier procurements.

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Whither National Security - Paradigm Shift In The 21st Century

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Author: Air Marshal Dhiraj Kukreja PVSM, AVSM, VSM, ADC (Retd)
National security, today, is an amalgam that needs intellectual inputs, rather than routine bureaucratic ‘noting on fi le’. This is applicable to the military as much as it is to civilian bureaucracy. Sadly, neither the men in uniform nor those out of it, recognise this requirement. There is a need of placing specialists, rather than generalists, in security related departments which need to interact with other crucially important ministries. Rather than have anticipatory security planning, our departments/ministries are geared up only for short-term or crisis management actions. There is a general apathy and lack of awareness towards long-term security planning. Some signs of change are seen on the horizon, but end result is yet far away.

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Air Power and National Security

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Author: Gp Capt AK Sachdev (Retd)
The essential characteristics of air power are that it is strategic in nature and is primarily an offensive power; on both these counts, the IAF is on a weak wicket. Its ownership of restricted ‘strategic’ assets provides but very limited reach and its current strength of offensive aircraft is inadequate to the task of a ‘two front war’ if China and Pakistan decide to collaborate at our borders. Should we continue to neglect our inadequacies in air power, national security (and national honour) could both be at stake in coming years.

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Make In India - For An Interdependent World

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Author: Jan Widerstrom

It has been just more than a year since PM Modi sowed the seeds of ‘Make in India’. All of us in the production of goods, particularly defence, marvelled at this simple idea, taking hold of people’s imaginations. It truly brought focus on what India was trying to do – make stuff in India which was to be consumed by Indians themselves and anything left over could be exported too. In an interdependent world, the proposition appealed to the business minds of everyone as it opened newer doors and windows for symbiosis and synthesis. India has competitive advantage in terms of human resources and a captive market while potential global partners possess comparative advantage in high-end technology.

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National Priorities Intelligence As A Force Multiplier

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Author: Lt Gen Kamal Davar PVSM, AVSM (Retd)

The ever increasing, formidable and myriad security challenges to the nation can only be met by synergetic Intelligence endeavour. The art and science of Intelligence can be effectively employed as a force multiplier not only to thwart the enemies of the state but in the promotion of its core interests, far beyond security matters. Thus India must accord to this useful tool the desired signifi cance in its national priorities.

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Shipbuilding In India - Role Of Public And Private Sector

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Author: Rear Adm NK Mishra NM, IN (Retd)
It is to be appreciated that the delays in the ongoing defence shipbuilding is not totally attributable to the PSU yards. The private industries engaged to supply equipment that goes into shipbuilding have not been able to cope with the demand. Quality of these equipment has been found wanting leading to delays in trials and delivery time of ships. If this issue is not addressed by the private players then orders if given to private shipyards will have the same fate. Suffice to say that the defence technical industrial base (DTIB) is not up to the mark and needs to be addressed first.

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Grammer of Anarchy

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Author: Lt Gen Harwant Singh PVSM, AVSM (Retd)

Many areas of freedom enjoyed by a citizen of India are denied to a soldier, which is understandable, but an attempt to deny the same to even those who are retired is totally untenable. The former service chiefs, now as ordinary, but responsible citizens of the country took the right step, in the best national interest, to caution and advise the government of dangers that lie ahead.

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Ease of Doing Business In Defence

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Author: Amit Cowshish

The break in the cloud is that the government is aware of the need to improve India’s position in regard to ease of doing business and be counted among the first 30 or 50 countries in the global index. It is not going to be easy to do that, especially in regard to ensuring expeditious decision-making, but making promises that are not kept makes things worse. Defence production is unlike other sectors in that the defence market is monopsonic (single buyer). A very specific strategy is required to make it easy for companies to do business.

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Modernisation And Technology For Future Wars

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Author: Lt Gen Sudhir Sharma PVSM, AVSM, YSM, VSM (Retd)

India’s Long Term Perspective Plan 2020 (LTPP 2020) has run its course and needs a rethink and fresh enunciation. It would be advisable to dump the current plan and redefine a new modernisation-cum-perspective plan to take us to say 2040.

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Cloak of Denial Saga of Subterfuge

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Author: Maj Gen AK Hukku YSM (Retd)

Our leadership must studiously desist from making belligerent remarks as they serve no practical purpose. Indeed the recent remark by the Indian Home Minister that India will not fi re the first bullet at Pakistan was very appropriate and becoming of India’s stature. If Pakistan fails to ‘turn off the terrorist tap’, to use Musharraf’s expression, India should not hesitate to resort to the Baluchistan option. Make this known to Pakistan’s military leadership and act on it if required.

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Warship Production The Success Story

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Author: Vice Admiral HS Malhi AVSM, VSM (Retd)
The Navy fostered a culture of encouraging young technocrats to take professional decisions in the interest of the Project. A complete integral decision-making process was built-up within the Directorates involved in shipbuilding. The Navy did what ISRO and the Atomic Energy Commission later leveraged to their advantage. ISRO/AEC also formulated their own concept design, did own detailed design, developed systems in-house, constructed the rockets and fi red them. In other words, in a larger context, they were both customers and their own vendors!

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Government To Government Procurements - A Prudent Option For Major Defence Systems

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Author:Maj Gen Dr Mrinal Suman AVSM, VSM (Retd)
Interestingly, even DPP recognises the fact that the standard procurement procedure cannot be followed in cases where procurements are required to be done from friendly foreign countries on a single vendor basis. DPP concedes that such procurements would be based on mutually agreed provisions by the governments of both the countries.

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