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Special Operations India's Capabilities

Unravel The Confusion

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Author: Lt Gen Prakash Katoch PVSM, UYSM, AVSM, SC (Retd)

We must get on with establishing the Special Operations Command and the initiative will have to be taken by none other than the NSA in concert with the PMO. The need to rectify the strategic asymmetry vis-à-vis China and Pakistan at the sub-conventional level is an imperative that should not be delayed further. This would provide a host of low cost options with high dividends to the political authority.

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Precise Intelligence First Priority

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Author: Vappala Balachandran

The following example would reveal how Intelligence dissemination was neglected before 26/11. The then Maharashtra Home Minister Jayant Patil had told the legislative assembly on 20 December 2008 that the Intelligence Bureau (IB) had sent “advisory” on November 19 to the Navy and Coast Guards about LeT’s plans of attack but not to Maharashtra government.

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Aviation Key To Behind-Enemy-Lines Ops

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Author: Air Marshal Anil Chopra PVSM, AVSM, VM, VSM (Retd)

Indian Army has eight Para Regiments that constitute Special Forces. They are tasked for direct action, hostage rescue, counter-terrorism, unconventional warfare, special reconnaissance, foreign internal defence, counter-proliferation, counter-insurgency, seek and destroy and personnel recovery.

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State Special Branches Have Major Role

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Author: Arun Bhagat IPS

The State Special Branches can be major contributors of Intelligence in the areas of counter-intelligence, border activities and coastal areas. That David Headley could visit different States with the frequency that he did and his passport entries showed his repeated visits to Pakistan was overlooked by the State SBs is a telling example.

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Enhancing Asia Pacific Maritime Security

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Author: Dr Vijay Sakhuja

The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) has been spearheading the regional initiatives to respond to non-traditional security threats and challenges and conceptualised the ASEAN Defence Ministers’ Meeting (ADMM) Plus which has contributed significantly to security cooperation among the partners particularly in the five priority areas

  1. maritime security
  2. counter-terrorism
  3. disaster management
  4. peace-keeping operations and
  5. military medicine
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Still A Work In Progress

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Author: Lt General (Dr) Vijay Kumar Saxena PVSM, AVSM, VSM (Retd)

This work attempts to trace the story of the Offsets and assesses the likely impact of new provisions about the same as promulgated in the DPP 2016. The starting point has been 2012-13, when a comprehensive revision of the Offset Guidelines took place. The author has had the privilege to be a member of the Study Group that revised the said guidelines in 2012. The same duly approved found its place in DPP 2013 and were the reigning provisions until its revision by the current DPP 2016

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Absence of Synergy

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Author: Air Marshal Dhiraj Kukreja PVSM, AVSM, VSM, ADC (Retd)

In order to help the professionals and intelligence analysts to identify a trend in Intelligence failures or successes, policy makers or other consumers of Intelligence should be open to sharing some information about what they know. Without any doubt, legal or parliamentary, oversight of Intelligence agencies can provide the most appropriate mechanisms for measuring their performance. A golden mean between secrecy and sharing, therefore, seems to be the answer.

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Rotary Wings Make for Precise Insertion

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Author: Gp Capt AK Sachdev (Retd)

In the face of evidence, it would be unreasonable to hope that our top political leadership would come around easily to a special operation using helicopters to carry our Special Forces across a border or an LoC. Such an operation, carried out under political mandate, would mean instant glorification for the PM in case of success; however, a failure (like the Iranian hostage botch up by US Special Forces) would place his government and his party at risk.

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Policy Options for Trans-border Covert Strikes

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Author: Brig Gurmeet Kanwal (Retd)

A good option would be to undertake targeted covert operations against the leadership of the terrorist groups inimical to Indian security and to systematically destroy purely military targets across the LoC through covert means so as to raise Pakistan’s cost for waging its proxy war.

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SFs Need Urgent Revamping and Rest ructuring

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Author: Lt Gen Vijay Oberoi PVSM, AVSM, VSM (Retd)

The SF, to tackle low intensity conflicts or hybrid wars of the future must be purpose-filled organisations, possessing both human intelligence and signals intelligence capabilities; scientific and analytical skills; language skills and ability to use information technology optimally. They must also possess knowledge of the cultural, social and behaviour patterns of the adversary as well as of the population where they are likely to operate.

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Intelligence the Lynchpin In Success Or Failure

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Author: Cecil Victor

Along the Line of Control and the International Border in Punjab, Pakistan has put in place a tactical change that is both cheap and effective. Instead of wasting effort on climbing high and rugged peaks to be able to find vantage points overlooking the Indian lines of communications in Jammu and Kashmir as in Kargil, it is sending in small teams that are able to straddle the National Highways and attack unsuspecting Indian security forces. Their targets are now Indian military assets deep inside the hinterland as was the Pathankot airbase.

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Thunderbolt In Shaky Hands

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Author: Col Utkarsh Singh Rathore (Retd)

Employment of SF needs boldness and risk taking ability on the part of leadership. Sans rhetoric, there is a perceptible shyness amongst Indian military and political leadership, when it comes to using the SF.

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Indigenous Search Engines and Hardware

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Author: Venkatraman Rajendran

A long term techno-legal solution would be to popularise and enhance the use of our own operating system Bharat Operating Systems Solutions (BOSS-Linux) developed long back by our C-DAC (Centre for Development of Advanced Computing) and in the same breath, put in place technological research initiatives to have our own search engines, RDBMS and if possible, the necessary hardware equipment too. On the other hand, the legal system has to improve that certainty of punishment is the deterrent and not multiplicity of legislations or even severity of laws.

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Trimming The Indian Army

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Author: Lt Gen Harwant Singh PVSM, AVSM (Retd)

Any future conflict between China and India, more likely than not, will have some tie up between China and Pakistan and that really complicates the issue. Therefore, such ad hoc and inappropriate decisions, as cutting down this corps (Mountain Corps) to half its size, and other ad hoc measures to trim the military and its logistic tail can prove very costly, if and when the balloon goes up.

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Giving A Boost To India’s Defence Preparedness

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Author: Abhinav Dutta

Another major issue, as per some observers, is about private players and their participation in India’s defence industry. The lack of a conducive financial framework for the local industry to do business in the defence sector, especially for the private sector, has negatively impacted private participation in India’s defence industry. Therefore, a strong political will and an enabling framework for the involvement of private individuals and entities in the defence sector that could contribute to indigenous defence production would be essential.

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