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Troubled Waters Emerging Dynamics Between International Navies

‘Is War Around The Corner’?

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Author: Vice Admiral Arun Kumar Singh (Retd)

For the foreseeable future, a conventional or nuclear war with China or Pakistan is highly unlikely, as long as India uses its Comprehensive National Power (CNP) judiciously and maintains a powerful home built Navy. Unfortunately, Low Intensity Conflict (LIC) with Pakistan is expected to continue and terror strikes in the hinterland by Pak proxies, lone wolves or ISIS cannot be ruled out. China is likely to continue its policy of arming Pakistan while creating pressure on our disputed land borders. By 2050, the Indian economy and the CNP are expected to be similar to China and a more equitable India-China relationship can be expected.

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Common Maritime Domain Awareness For Indian Ocean

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Author: Dr Vijay Sakhuja

There is a symbiotic relationship between blue economy and security and therefore ocean governance is critical to ensure safety and security of economic assets and activities such as offshore oil platforms, protection of marine wealth, prevent illegal fishing and help uphold national environmental regulations thereby ensuring sustainable economic, livelihoods of coastal populations as well as uphold national commitments to international agreements and initiatives such as the SDG 2030.

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Indo-Pacific A Sea of Challenged Waters

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Author: Cmde Ranjit B Rai (Retd)

The Indian Ocean is where the Indian Navy should be engaged as the net security provider but is also tasked to support President Obama and PM Modi’s Joint Strategic Vision for the Asia Pacific signed on 25 January 2015 in New Delhi. The International naviesare challenged by China in the South China Sea (SCS) where it refuses to abide by 12 July 2016 PCA ruling negating its claims. China continues to develop the rocks in Scarborough Shoal next to the Philippines. Thus, the South and East China Seas, India, Pakistan, the Korean states and the Middle East remain flash points.

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DSA Interview

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Author: DSA Interview

The present Chief of the Naval Staff Admiral Sunil Lanba, PVSM, AVSM, ADC of the Indian Navy. He has served as the Vice Chief of the Naval Staff, Flag Officer Commanding-in-Chief of Western and Southern Naval Commands. He has also served as the Commandant of the National Defence College. In this exclusive and intensive interview with DSA, he outlines the Indian Navy's (IN) strategies over troubled waters as well as the landmark changes that the IN has undergone since Independence.

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Emerging Dynamics Between International Navies

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Author: Cmde RS Vasan IN (Retd)

Countries like China and India that are heavily dependent on the energy imports from the Middle East and Africa had no choice but to deploy warships in the High Risk Area (HRA). At a strategic level, this deployment in the Indian Ocean Region (IOR) opened up new vistas for China which has maintained a continued presence of two PLA Navy units since 2008. In addition to building up huge data bases in terms of their observation in all dimensions including cyber, the PLA Navy is in a better position to achieve a blue water navy status. This is corroborated by the fact that China has gone ahead with its plan to build a naval base in Djibouti which will aid its missions in the IOR.

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Re-Negotiate Indus Water Treaty

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Author: Lt Gen Harwant Singh (Retd)

This one sided treaty has led to extreme shortage of water in Punjab, Haryana and Rajasthan. In Punjab, which is the food basket of the country, this shortage has resulted in excessive use of ground water and lowering of water table to dangerously low levels. At some places, water being drawn from the current depth contains uranium.

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A Threat To The Region?

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Author: Anu Sharma

The ‘offensive’ naval exercises are also a way of Iran declaring that the nuclear deal has not reduced Iran’s role as a major Persian gulf military power or constrain of its national security options. Its naval expansion and procurement indicate that Iran still retains the ability to defend itself as well as project itself as a power, defend its territory and control the avenues of approach to its borders. Moreover, such provocations could also be the Iranian factors for assessing the US intentions to preserve the nuclear deal at all costs and therefore, not engage in hostilities.

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Case For A Territorial Navy

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Author: Cmde Sujeet Samaddar (Retd)

The Indian coastline of 7516 kms has been open to various man-made and natural threats ranging from terrorism to tsunamis. The Government has taken the initiative to bolster the coastal security by financing fairly sophisticated equipment, machinery and weapons. Most of this equipment, except for the Indian Navy’s Sagar Prahari Bal, is operated by marine police and the other agencies where the necessary training, expertise and maintenance infrastructure is missing. Creating and even duplicating these organisations would be an avoidable expenditure.

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New Strategic Naval Alliances

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Author: Onkar Abhishek Tiwari

While there are many alliances in the making, the fate of an existing alliance appears quite cryptic, the one between the Philippines and the United States. Now, let’s discuss a man who can possibly redefine all of these alliances, Donald J Trump. His pro-Russian rhetoric and unnerving statements regarding the traditional allies of the United States is sure to bring some interesting times ahead.

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East China Sea

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Author: Debalina Ghoshal

The East China Sea disputes are a growing concern and are as inflammable an issue as the South China Sea disputes. It is crucial to reduce tensions and threat perceptions between Japan and China, and between Japan and South Korea for peace to prevail in the region.

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Significance Of Malabar Exercise 2016

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Author: Saloni Salil

India’s strategic situation is unique among major nations of the world. We have two antagonistic, nuclear-armed neighbours. Both adversaries cock a snook at international laws and flout treaties with impunity. China – a signatory to NPT is actually a proliferatorin- chief, having actively enabled both Pakistan and North Korea’s N-weapon programmes. These compelling circumstances impelled us to go overtly nuclear in 1998. We found that a China-like doctrine could best serve our strategic interests at that time. India’s core belief is that nuclear weapons are not for intimidation but only to deter nuclear and WMD threats.

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A Relook At India’s No-First-Use

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Author: Maj Gen Pushpendra Singh (Retd)

India’s strategic situation is unique among major nations of the world. We have two antagonistic, nuclear-armed neighbours. Both adversaries cock a snook at international laws and flout treaties with impunity. China – a signatory to NPT is actually a proliferatorin- chief, having actively enabled both Pakistan and North Korea’s N-weapon programmes. These compelling circumstances impelled us to go overtly nuclear in 1998. We found that a China-like doctrine could best serve our strategic interests at that time. India’s core belief is that nuclear weapons are not for intimidation but only to deter nuclear and WMD threats.

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Dynamic Of Chinese Intrusion Into Indian Ocean

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Author: Cecil Victor

Given that both China and Russia have shown interest in using Gwadar as a port of call, the Indian MARCOS will need to be able to enter the port, select Pakistani targets all the while ensuring that other foreign vessels are not affected. This is a very specialised operation and it is strange that the Indian Navy has raised a requisition for only two such midgets. The first lot of this kind of vehicle should be at least ten. Also, it is in the proposed acquisition of the Japanese ShinMaywa US-2 flying boat that India will get a game changer.

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Bold Action On Coastal Security

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Author: Diana Mehra

Since 26/11, coastal security has been upgraded. The Herculean task to guard the long coastline has impelled the need to modernise and upscale the infrastructure. At the apex, coastal and maritime security is being headed by the National Committee for Strengthening Maritime and Coastal Security (NCSMCS). The Indian Navy works in conjunction with the Indian Coast Guard, Marine Police and other Central and State agencies.

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